Dr Carman is a geologist with 25 years experience in mineral exploration in South America, Australia and Asia. He graduated from Victoria University of Wellington New Zealand in 1986 with a First Class B.Sc. (Hons) before moving to Australia to work as a geologist for Kennecott and BP Minerals. Dr Carman completed a PhD at Monash University on the geology of the Lihir Island gold deposit in Papua New Guinea from 1990 -1993. For seven years from 1994 he lived in Peru assessing exploration projects for major mining companies including Rio Tinto, Savage Resources and Pasminco Ltd. He was Exploration Manager South America for Savage-Pasminco from 1997-2000 based in Lima.